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Metabolites. 2013 Sep 20;3(3):820-37. doi: 10.3390/metabo3030820.

Physiological and Molecular Timing of the Glucose to Acetate Transition in Escherichia coli.

Author information

1
Université de Toulouse; INSA, UPS, INP, 135 Avenue de Rangueil, Toulouse F-31077, France. brice.enjalbert@insa-toulouse.fr.
2
Université de Toulouse; INSA, UPS, INP, 135 Avenue de Rangueil, Toulouse F-31077, France. Fabien.letisse@insa-toulouse.fr.
3
Université de Toulouse; INSA, UPS, INP, 135 Avenue de Rangueil, Toulouse F-31077, France. Jean-Charles.Portais@insa-toulouse.fr.

Abstract

The glucose-acetate transition in Escherichia coli is a classical model of metabolic adaptation. Here, we describe the dynamics of the molecular processes involved in this metabolic transition, with a particular focus on glucose exhaustion. Although changes in the metabolome were observed before glucose exhaustion, our results point to a massive reshuffling at both the transcriptome and metabolome levels in the very first min following glucose exhaustion. A new transcriptional pattern, involving a change in genome expression in one-sixth of the E. coli genome, was established within 10 min and remained stable until the acetate was completely consumed. Changes in the metabolome took longer and stabilized 40 min after glucose exhaustion. Integration of multi-omics data revealed different modifications and timescales between the transcriptome and metabolome, but both point to a rapid adaptation of less than an hour. This work provides detailed information on the order, timing and extent of the molecular and physiological events that occur during the glucose-acetate transition and that are of particular interest for the development of dynamic models of metabolism.

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