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Mol Cells. 2014 Sep;37(9):637-43. doi: 10.14348/molcells.2014.0150. Epub 2014 Jun 24.

Regulation of wound healing and fibrosis by hypoxia and hypoxia-inducible factor-1.

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Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson TX 75080, USA.


Wound healing is a complex multi-step process that requires spatial and temporal orchestration of cellular and non-cellular components. Hypoxia is one of the prominent microenvironmental factors in tissue injury and wound healing. Hypoxic responses, mainly mediated by a master transcription factor of oxygen homeostasis, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), have been shown to be critically involved in virtually all processes of wound healing and remodeling. Yet, mechanisms underlying hypoxic regulation of wound healing are still poorly understood. Better understanding of how the wound healing process is regulated by the hypoxic microenvironment and HIF-1 signaling pathway will provide insight into the development of a novel therapeutic strategy for impaired wound healing conditions such as diabetic wound and fibrosis. In this review, we will discuss recent studies illuminating the roles of HIF-1 in physiologic and pathologic wound repair and further, the therapeutic potentials of HIF-1 stabilization or inhibition.


fibrosis; hypoxia; hypoxia-inducible factor-1; oxygen; wound healing

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