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Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2014 Oct;114:193-7. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2014.06.008. Epub 2014 Jun 20.

Increased long-term potentiation at medial-perforant path-dentate granule cell synapses induced by selective inhibition of histone deacetylase 3 requires Fragile X mental retardation protein.

Author information

1
Cell, Developmental and Integrative Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1918 University Blvd, MCLM 960, Birmingham, AL 35294, United States. Electronic address: alvinson@uab.edu.
2
Repligen Corporation, 41 Seyon Street, Building #1, Waltham, MA 02453, United States. Electronic address: jrusche@repligen.com.
3
Cell, Developmental and Integrative Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1918 University Blvd, MCLM 960, Birmingham, AL 35294, United States. Electronic address: mcmahon@uab.edu.

Abstract

Non-selective inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs), enzymes that remove acetyl groups from histone core proteins, enhances cognition and NMDAR-dependent long-term potentiation at hippocampal CA3-CA1 synapses. It is not known whether this is a general mechanism by which HDACs modulate plasticity at other hippocampal synapses. Furthermore, it has yet to be tested whether HDAC inhibition can reverse deficits in synaptic plasticity in disease models. Here, we investigated whether inhibition of HDACs, and specifically HDAC3, a class I HDAC isoform known to negatively regulate hippocampus-dependent learning and memory, enhances LTP at medial perforant path-dentate granule cell (MPP-DGC) synapses in wild-type and Fragile X (Fmr1-/y) mice, a model with known LTP deficits at this synapse. The non-selective HDAC inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) significantly increased the magnitude of LTP at MPP-DGC synapses in wild-type mice, similar to reports at CA3-CA1 synapses. The enhancement of LTP was mimicked by selective HDAC3 inhibition, implicating a role for this isoform in the negative regulation of synaptic plasticity. However, HDAC3 inhibition was completely ineffective in reversing the deficit in LTP at MPP-DGC synapses in slices from Fmr1-/y mice, and in fact, HDAC3 inhibition was unable to induce any improvement whatsoever. These findings indicate that the enhancing effect of HDAC3 inhibition on LTP in wild-type mice requires FMRP, revealing a novel role for FMRP in hippocampal plasticity.

KEYWORDS:

Excitatory transmission; Hippocampus; Mental retardation; Plasticity

PMID:
24956240
PMCID:
PMC4242011
DOI:
10.1016/j.nlm.2014.06.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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