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J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Jun;29(6):1171-6.

Efficacy of hybrid therapy as first-line regimen for Helicobacter pylori infection compared with sequential therapy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM:

Recent prospective studies have shown that the sequential therapy has not achieved the target Helicobacter pylori eradication rate of > 80% in Korea. The aim of this study was to therefore assess the efficacy of the hybrid therapy as a first-line treatment for H. pylori eradication in a prospective trial.

METHODS:

From December 2012 to August 2013, 184 patients with confirmed H. pylori infections received either the 14-day hybrid therapy or the 14-day sequential therapy. Eradication outcomes were evaluated using a 13C-urea breath test at least 4 weeks after treatment cessation.

RESULTS:

A total of 184 patients (90 receiving hybrid treatment and 94 receiving sequential treatment) completed the study. The eradication rates of the hybrid and sequential therapy groups were 81.1% (73/90; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 73.0-89.2%) and 79.8% (75/94; 95%CI = 71.7-87.9%), respectively, by intention-to-treat analysis (P = 0.821). By per protocol analysis, eradication rates were 85.9% (73/85; 95%CI = 78.5-93.3%) and 82.0% (73/89; 95%CI = 74.0-89.9%; P = 0.489), respectively. There were no significant intergroup differences in treatment compliance or discontinuation induced by severe side effects.

CONCLUSIONS:

The hybrid therapy achieved acceptable eradication rate (85.9%), but not statistically significantly higher rates than the sequential therapy (82.0%). Further studies are therefore needed to identify first-line treatments with even better eradication rates in the Korean population.

PMID:
24955448
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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