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Theranostics. 2014 May 25;4(8):787-97. doi: 10.7150/thno.9525. eCollection 2014.

Image-guided pro-angiogenic therapy in diabetic stroke mouse models using a multi-modal nanoprobe.

Author information

1
1. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular and Functional Imaging, Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210009, China;
2
2. Key Laboratory of Smart Drug Delivery, Ministry of Education & PLA, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, 201203, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The efficacy of pro-angiogenic therapy is difficult to evaluate with current diagnostic modalities. The objectives were to develop a non-invasive imaging strategy to define the temporal characteristics of angiogenesis and to evaluate the response to pro-angiogenic therapy in diabetic stroke mouse models.

METHODS:

A home-made ανβ3 integrin-targeted multi-modal nanoprobe was intravenously injected into mouse models at set time points after photothrombotic stroke. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging were carried out at 24 h post-injection. Bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) were infused into the mouse models of ischemic stroke to stimulate angiogenesis.

RESULTS:

The peak signal intensity in the ischemic-angiogenic area of diabetic and wild-type mouse models was achieved on day 10, with significantly lower signal enhancement observed in the diabetic models. Although the signal intensity was significantly higher after EPC treatment in both models, the enhancement was less pronounced in the diabetic animals compared with the wild-type controls. Histological analysis revealed that the microvessel density and expression of β3 integrin were correlated with the signal intensity assessed with MRI and NIRF imaging.

CONCLUSIONS:

The non-invasive imaging method could be used for early and accurate evaluation of the response to pro-angiogenic therapy in diabetic stroke models.

KEYWORDS:

angiogenesis; diabetes mellitus; endothelial progenitor cells; ischemic stroke.; molecular imaging; nanoparticle

PMID:
24955140
PMCID:
PMC4063977
DOI:
10.7150/thno.9525
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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