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Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2014 Sep;47:232-40. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.05.008. Epub 2014 May 23.

Changes in circulating leptin levels during acute stress and associations with craving in abstinent smokers: a preliminary investigation.

Author information

1
University of Minnesota School of Medicine, 1035 University Drive, Duluth, MN 55812-2487, USA.
2
University of Minnesota School of Medicine, 1035 University Drive, Duluth, MN 55812-2487, USA. Electronic address: malabsi@umn.edu.

Abstract

Recent research suggests a role for the appetite hormone leptin in cigarette smoking. This study examined patterns of change in leptin in response to stress and associations with craving during the initial phase of a quit attempt. Thirty-six smokers (average age±SEM, 33.4±2.4) interested in smoking cessation set a quit day and were required to be abstinent for 24h. After, they completed a laboratory session including public speaking and cognitive challenges, and attended 4 weekly post-cessation assessments. Blood samples and self-report measures were collected throughout the laboratory session. The results indicated that leptin levels significantly increased following exposure to acute stress. We also found positive correlations between leptin and craving for cigarettes. No differences were observed in leptin levels between smokers who maintained abstinence for 4 weeks and those who relapsed during this period. These findings suggest that leptin levels may change in response to stress and that leptin could be a useful marker of craving for smoking.

KEYWORDS:

Craving; Leptin; Relapse; Stress; Tobacco

PMID:
24954303
PMCID:
PMC4087053
DOI:
10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.05.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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