Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2014 Jul;40(4):321-6. doi: 10.3109/00952990.2014.920850. Epub 2014 Jun 20.

Propofol pretreatment induced place preference and self-administration of the tiletamine-zolazepam combination: implication on drug of abuse substitution.

Author information

1
Uimyung Research Institute for Neuroscience, Sahmyook University , Nowon-gu, Seoul and.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Propofol and the tiletamine-zolazepam combination are anesthetics with both sedative-hypnotic and hallucinogenic effects. In South Korea, propofol is controlled while the tiletamine-zolazepam combination is not. Thus, there is a possibility that this drug combination might be used as a substitute drug by propofol-abusers.

OBJECTIVE:

In the present study we evaluated whether repeated pre-exposure to propofol predisposes to the use/abuse of the tiletamine-zolazepam combination.

METHODS:

Rats (8-10 animals/group) were pre-treated with saline (control) or propofol at different dosages (10, 30, 60 mg/kg, i.p.), for 14 days, then conditioned place preference (CPP) and self-administration (SA) for the tiletamine-zolazepam combination were evaluated.

RESULTS:

Rats pretreated with saline exhibited neither CPP nor SA for the tiletamine-zolazepam combination. On the other hand, rats pretreated with propofol, in all dosages, demonstrated significant CPP and SA for the tiletamine-zolazepam combination.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that tiletamine-zolazepam combinations might be used as a "substitute drug" by abusers of propofol. The careful use, dispensation, and monitoring of tiletamine-zolazepam combinations are advocated.

KEYWORDS:

Conditioned place preference; Zoletil; propofol; self-administration; tiletamine; zolazepam

PMID:
24950106
DOI:
10.3109/00952990.2014.920850
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center