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Pak J Med Sci. 2014 May;30(3):515-8. doi: 10.12669/pjms.303.4269.

Cardiovascular risk factors among retired attendees visiting primary care clinics.

Author information

Dr. Yousef Abdullah al Turki, MBBS,DPHC, ABFM, Associate Professor and Consultant Family Medicine,Department of Family and Community Medicine,College of Medicine, King Saud University, P.O Box 28054 Riyadh 11437 Saudi Arabia.



The aim of this study was to highlight cardiovascular risk factors among retired attendees attending a primary care clinic, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.


A cross sectional study was conducted from Januaryto February 2013 at Primary Care Clinics of King Khalid University Hospital and College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. All retired attendees were interviewed by family physician, and their duration of retirement was determined. Their cardiovascular risk factors were confirmed from their medical records. The cardiovascular risk factors included history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, and smoking. Their weight and height were recorded during the consultation and Body Mass Index was calculated to decide about those classified as obesity ≥ 30 All data were entered and analyzed using statistical package of social science SPSS version 17 software.


The present study showed that 19.5% of retired attendees presenting at primary care clinic were early retired before the age of 60 years, while 80.5% were normally retired. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors showed: Hypertension among 73% attendees, Diabetes Mellitus in 67%, dyslipidemia in 71%, Obesity 29%, and Smoking 13% of the patients.


This study concluded that cardiovascular risk factors among retired attendees of a primary care clinic are common, and need to be taken in to priority consideration while improving the health care of retired people.


Cardiovascular risk factors; Primary care; Retired attendees

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