Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2014 Sep;350(3):605-14. doi: 10.1124/jpet.114.213819. Epub 2014 Jun 19.

Brexpiprazole II: antipsychotic-like and procognitive effects of a novel serotonin-dopamine activity modulator.

Author information

1
Qs' Research Institute, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Tokushima, Japan (K.M., H.S., H.A., N.A., T.K.); Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Princeton, New Jersey (R.D.M.); and Neuroscience Drug Discovery, H. Lundbeck A/S, Valby, Denmark (L.L., T.B.S., C.B., J.A.) Maeda.Kenji@otsuka.jp.
2
Qs' Research Institute, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Tokushima, Japan (K.M., H.S., H.A., N.A., T.K.); Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Princeton, New Jersey (R.D.M.); and Neuroscience Drug Discovery, H. Lundbeck A/S, Valby, Denmark (L.L., T.B.S., C.B., J.A.).

Erratum in

  • J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2014 Dec;351(3):686-7.

Abstract

Brexpiprazole (OPC-34712, 7-{4-[4-(1-benzothiophen-4-yl)piperazin-1-yl]butoxy}quinolin-2(1H)-one) is a novel serotonin-dopamine activity modulator with partial agonist activity at serotonin 1A (5-HT1A) and D2/3 receptors, combined with potent antagonist effects on 5-HT2A, α1B-, and α2C-adrenergic receptors. Brexpiprazole inhibited conditioned avoidance response (ED50 = 6.0 mg/kg), apomorphine- or d-amphetamine-induced hyperactivity (ED50 = 2.3 and 0.90, respectively), and apomorphine-induced stereotypy (ED50 = 2.9) in rats at clinically relevant D2 receptor occupancies. Brexpiprazole also potently inhibited apomorphine-induced eye blinking in monkeys. The results suggest that brexpiprazole has antipsychotic potential. Brexpiprazole induced catalepsy (ED50 = 20) well above clinically relevant D2 receptor occupancies, suggesting a low risk for extrapyramidal side effects. Subchronic treatment with phencyclidine (PCP) induced cognitive impairment in both novel object recognition (NOR) and attentional set-shifting (ID-ED) tests in rats. Brexpiprazole reversed the PCP-induced cognitive impairment in the NOR test at 1.0 and 3.0 mg/kg, and in the ID-ED test at 1.0 mg/kg. However, aripiprazole (10 mg/kg) was ineffective in both tests, despite achieving relevant D2 occupancies. In the NOR test, the 5-HT1A agonist buspirone and the 5-HT2A antagonist M100907 [(R)-(2,3-dimethoxyphenyl)[1-(4-fluorophenethyl)piperidin-4-yl]methanol] partially but significantly reversed PCP-induced impairment. Furthermore, the effect of brexpiprazole was reversed by cotreatment with the 5-HT1A antagonist WAY100635 (N-[2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-N-2-pyridinylcyclohexanecarboxamide maleate). The results indicate that brexpiprazole has antipsychotic-like activity and robust efficacy in relevant models of cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia. The effects of brexpiprazole in the cognitive tests are superior to those of aripiprazole. We propose that the pharmacologic profile of brexpiprazole be based on its balanced effects on 5-HT1A, D2, and 5-HT2A receptors, with possible modulating activity through additional monoamine receptors.

PMID:
24947464
DOI:
10.1124/jpet.114.213819
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center