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Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2014 Nov;20(11):1841-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2014.06.011. Epub 2014 Jun 16.

Unrelated cord blood transplantation for patients with primary or secondary myelofibrosis.

Author information

  • 1Hematology-Bone Marrow Transplantation, Saint-Louis Hospital, Paris, France. Electronic address:
  • 2Eurocord International Registry, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France.
  • 3Service d'Hématologie, CHU de Besançon, INSERM U-645, Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, France.
  • 4Hematologie, CHU Saint-Antoine, Paris, France.
  • 5Hematology Department 1G, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Pierre Benite, France.
  • 6Hematology Department, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, Spain.
  • 7Hematology, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France.
  • 8Department of Hematology, University Hospital, Grenoble, France.
  • 9Hematology, Nice University Hospital, Nice, France.
  • 10Hematology, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain.
  • 11Hematology Department, Basel University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland.
  • 12Clinical Hematology, Hospital De Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.
  • 13Hematology, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France.
  • 14CHU Hematology, Poitiers, France.
  • 15Hematology, CHRU de Lille, Lille, France.
  • 16Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria.
  • 17Hematology, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Australia.
  • 18Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.
  • 19Service de Thérapie Cellulaire et d'Hématologie Clinique Adulte, Hotel-Dieu, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
  • 20Hôpitaux universitaires de Genève, Suisse.
  • 21University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf Center of Oncology, Department of Stem Cell Transplantation, Chairman of the CMWP EBMT, Hamburg, Germany.
  • 22Eurocord International Registry, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France; Monacord, Centre scientifique de Monaco, Monaco.
  • 23Eurocord International Registry, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France; Department of Clinical Haematology, Bone Marrow Transplant Unit, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom.
  • 24Hospital de Navarra, Chairman of MPN Subcommittee of the CMWP-EBMT, Pamplona, Spain.
  • 25Eurocord International Registry, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France; Hematologie, CHU Saint-Antoine, Paris, France.


To determine whether umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) is an alternative cure for myelofibrosis (MF), we evaluated 35 UCBTs reported to Eurocord. Seven patients had secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at UCBT, and median age at UCBT was 54 years. Twenty-four patients received a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen, and 17 of 35 patients received total body irradiation (2 to 12 Gy)-fludarabine-cyclophosphamide (TCF) conditioning. The median follow-up was 24 months. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil recovery at 60 days was 80%. Fifteen patients relapsed after UCBT. The 2-year overall survival and event-free-survival (EFS) rates were 44% and 30%, respectively. All patients given TCF achieved neutrophil and platelet recovery, and the use of TCF was associated with superior EFS in the RIC population (44% versus 0%, P = .001). Patients with transformation to AML had similar outcomes to patients with less advanced stages. In conclusion, despite graft failure remaining a major concern, the role of UCBT in the management of MF, especially using RIC TCF-based regimens, deserves further investigation to improve results.


Myelofibrosis; Umbilical cord blood transplantation

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