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J Perinat Med. 2015 Mar;43(2):269-72. doi: 10.1515/jpm-2014-0075.

Thrombophilia testing in pregnancy: should we agree to disagree?


The value of testing for inherited thrombophilia in pregnancy has been debated in literature with regard to its utility in preventing adverse obstetrical outcomes or identifying women at risk for it. In this commentary, an evidence based approach is used to investigate the strength of association between thrombophilias and recurrent pregnancy loss and stillbirth. Several studies and meta-analyses have shown that there is only a weak association with recurrent pregnancy loss. However, many of these studies were underpowered, and there was significant heterogeneity-issues that are addressed in this paper. The evidence for association with stillbirth is lacking, but the few studies that are available seem to suggest a stronger correlation than for recurrent pregnancy loss. Further, the benefit of treating thrombophilias with anticoagulation in order to prevent these outcomes is discussed. While there is a lack of evidence looking at whether anticoagulation prevents stillbirth, there is strong evidence to show that anticoagulation does not prevent recurrent pregnancy loss. Finally, guidelines put out by various obstetrical and hematological societies regarding this topic are summarized.

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