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J Hum Hypertens. 2015 Feb;29(2):71-6. doi: 10.1038/jhh.2014.47. Epub 2014 Jun 19.

Cardiovascular complications from consumption of high energy drinks: recent evidence.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular and Hypertension Center, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.
2
Department of Cardiology, INTEGRIS Baptist Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.

Abstract

The energy drinks (ED) are caffeinated beverages that are popular among teenagers and young adults. They are aggressively marketed as providing alertness, energy and sex prowess. The EDs in addition to caffeine contain several plant stimulants and simple sugars, which increase their caloric content. The caffeine concentration in these drinks is high and their overconsumption could lead to insomnia, agitation, tremors and cardiovascular complications including sudden death. Alcohol is often mixed with EDs (AMEDs) in the wrong perception that the caffeine in the EDs will prevent the drowsiness and sleepiness from alcohol and allow the person to consume more alcohol. This false perception, could lead to alcohol intoxication and the taking of risky decisions, like driving under the influence of alcohol and the risk of serious physical harm to themselves and others. To prevent the problem of consumption of EDs and AMEDs, the caring physician could help by advising the parents and his young patients about the serious health risks from the consumption of these drinks. In order to grasp the extend of the problem of ED and AMED consumption, we did a Medline search of the English language literature from January 2010 to December 2013, using the terms EDs and alcohol-mixed EDs. All the findings from the recent studies regarding the cardiovascular complications from the consumption of EDs and AMEDs together with collateral literature will be discussed in this review.

PMID:
24943288
DOI:
10.1038/jhh.2014.47
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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