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Int J Cardiol. 1989 Jan;22(1):43-50.

Long-term survival and risk stratification in patients with angina at rest undergoing medical treatment.

Author information

1
Divisione di Cardiologia, Policlinico San Matteo, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Pavia, Italy.

Abstract

In order to determine those factors which influence long-term prognosis in patients with angina at rest associated with transient ST-segment changes, 217 patients undergoing medical treatment were followed for a mean of 39 months. All patients underwent coronary arteriography. Univariate analysis identified 12 variables significantly related to prognosis. These were disease of the left main coronary artery; the number of diseased vessels; left ventricular end-diastolic pressure; ejection fraction; baseline electrocardiogram; presence of prior myocardial infarction; ST-segment depression and ventricular arrhythmias during pain; disease of the proximal anterior descending coronary artery; crescendo angina; hypertension; and age. Use of the Cox regression model for survival analysis revealed only 3 variables which were independent predictors of prognosis. They were disease of the left main coronary artery; the number of diseased vessels and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. The model allowed stratification of patients into 3 groups. Survival at 3 years was 98% in the low risk group; 82% in the intermediate risk group; and 58% in the high risk group. These data indicate that disease of the left main coronary artery, the number of diseased vessels and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure are the independent predictors of prognosis in angina at rest. These variables may allow stratification of patients into groups having different long-term survivals.

PMID:
2494123
DOI:
10.1016/0167-5273(89)90134-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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