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J Gen Psychol. 2014;141(3):169-206. doi: 10.1080/00221309.2014.884053.

Regret causes ego-depletion and finding benefits in the regrettable events alleviates ego-depletion.

Author information

1
a Beijing Normal University.

Abstract

This study tested the hypotheses that experiencing regret would result in ego-depletion, while finding benefits (i.e., "silver linings") in the regret-eliciting events counteracted the ego-depletion effect. Using a modified gambling paradigm (Experiments 1, 2, and 4) and a retrospective method (Experiments 3 and 5), five experiments were conducted to induce regret. Results revealed that experiencing regret undermined performance on subsequent tasks, including a paper-and-pencil calculation task (Experiment 1), a Stroop task (Experiment 2), and a mental arithmetic task (Experiment 3). Furthermore, finding benefits in the regret-eliciting events improved subsequent performance (Experiments 4 and 5), and this improvement was mediated by participants' perceived vitality (Experiment 4). This study extended the depletion model of self-regulation by considering emotions with self-conscious components (in our case, regret). Moreover, it provided a comprehensive understanding of how people felt and performed after experiencing regret and after finding benefits in the events that caused the regret.

KEYWORDS:

benefit-finding; ego-depletion; regret; self-consciousness; significance

PMID:
24940811
DOI:
10.1080/00221309.2014.884053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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