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Exp Ther Med. 2014 May;7(5):1155-1159. Epub 2014 Mar 4.

Dual-source CT coronary angiographic evaluation of coronary artery fistulas.

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Department of Radiology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, P.R. China.
Department of Radiology, Beijing Puren Hospital, Beijing 100069, P.R. China.


The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the incidence and morphological features of coronary artery fistulas (CAFs) detected by dual-source computed tomography coronary angiography (DS-CTCA). Between January 2011 and January 2013, 19,584 consecutive patients that had undergone electrocardiogram-triggering DS-CTCA were retrospectively reviewed. Image reconstructions were performed and image quality was evaluated. The medical information of the patients with CAF was reviewed from the medical records. Among the 19,584 patients, 66 patients were diagnosed with CAFs by CTCA, including 60 patients with coronary pulmonary artery fistulas (CPAFs) and six with coronary left ventricular fistulas. Therefore, the incidence of CAFs was 0.34%. Image quality was considered to be excellent in 61 patients and moderate in five cases. CPAFs were identified as small and tortuous vessels in 24 patients and dilated vessels close to the surface of the pulmonary artery (PA) in 36 patients. The coronary left ventricular fistulas were identified as dilated vessels that were draining into the posterior wall of the left ventricle. Among the 66 patients, 54 patients had one traceable fistula and the remaining 12 patients were shown to have two fistula vessels. The average diameter of the detected fistulas, measured with CTCA, was 3.1±1.9 mm. A high-density flow jet of contrast agent shunting from the fistula into the low density PA was observed in 46 patients with CPAF. The results indicate that DS-CTCA is a reliable noninvasive tool that allows the accurate delineation of CAFs.


computed tomography coronary angiography; coronary artery fistula; dual-source computed tomography

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