Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Schizophr Bull. 2014 Jul;40 Suppl 4:S255-64. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbu005.

Auditory verbal hallucinations in persons with and without a need for care.

Author information

1
King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, London, UK; South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK;
2
Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Kristiina.Kompus@psybp.uib.no.
3
The University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research, Metro North Mental Health, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia;
4
King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychosis Studies, London, UK;
5
Department of Psychology, Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany;
6
Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK;
7
Department of Education, Psychology, Philosophy, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy;
8
Department of Psychology, Durham University, Durham, UK;
9
School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia;
10
King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychology, London, UK; National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health at South London and Maudsley, NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK;
11
ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and Its Disorders, Department of Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia;
12
Department of Mental Health and Pathological Addiction, AUSL Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia, Italy;
13
Psychiatry Department, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands;
14
Department of Psychology, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.

Abstract

Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are complex experiences that occur in the context of various clinical disorders. AVH also occur in individuals from the general population who have no identifiable psychiatric or neurological diagnoses. This article reviews research on AVH in nonclinical individuals and provides a cross-disciplinary view of the clinical relevance of these experiences in defining the risk of mental illness and need for care. Prevalence rates of AVH vary according to measurement tool and indicate a continuum of experience in the general population. Cross-sectional comparisons of individuals with AVH with and without need for care reveal similarities in phenomenology and some underlying mechanisms but also highlight key differences in emotional valence of AVH, appraisals, and behavioral response. Longitudinal studies suggest that AVH are an antecedent of clinical disorders when combined with negative emotional states, specific cognitive difficulties and poor coping, plus family history of psychosis, and environmental exposures such as childhood adversity. However, their predictive value for specific psychiatric disorders is not entirely clear. The theoretical and clinical implications of the reviewed findings are discussed, together with directions for future research.

KEYWORDS:

need for care; nonclinical; prevalence; psychosis

PMID:
24936085
PMCID:
PMC4141313
DOI:
10.1093/schbul/sbu005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center