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BMC Complement Altern Med. 2014 Jun 17;14:192. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-14-192.

Antiproliferative activity and induction of apoptotic by ethanolic extract of Alpinia galanga rhizhome in human breast carcinoma cell line.

Author information

1
Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran. samarghandians@mums.ac.ir.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We investigated the potential of galangal rhizomes to induce cytotoxic and apoptotic effects in the cultured human breast carcinoma cell line, (MCF-7) in compare with the non-malignant (MRC-5) cells.

METHODS:

Both cells were cultured in DMEM medium and treated with galangal rhizomes for three consecutive days. The percentage of apoptotic cells was determined by flow cytometry using Annexin-V fluorescein isothiocyanate.

RESULTS:

The results showed that the ethanolic extract of galangal rhizomes decreased cell viability in the malignant cells as a concentration- and time- dependent manner. The IC50 values against MCF-7 were determined at 400.0 ± 11.7 and 170.0 ± 5.9 μg/ml after 48 and 72 h respectively. The morphology of MCF-7 cells treated with the ethanolic extract confirmed the cell proliferation assay results. Alpinia galanga induced apoptosis in MCF-7 cells, as determined by flow cytometry.

CONCLUSIONS:

We concluded that the extract of Alpinia galanga exerts pro-apoptotic effects in a breast cancer-derived cell line and could be considered as a potential chemotherapeutic agent in breast cancer.

PMID:
24935101
PMCID:
PMC4107979
DOI:
10.1186/1472-6882-14-192
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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