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Health Econ. 2015 Aug;24(8):936-50. doi: 10.1002/hec.3073. Epub 2014 Jun 17.

Unemployment and Suicide Mortality: Evidence from Regional Panel Data in Europe.

Author information

1
Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Abstract

This paper addresses the influence of economic activity on suicide mortality in Europe. To this end, it employs a new panel data set of 275 regions in 29 countries over the period 1999-2010. The results suggest that unemployment does have a significantly positive influence on suicides. In line with economic theory, this influence varies among gender and age groups. Men of working age are particularly sensitive, while old-age suicide mortality (older than 65 years old) hardly responds to unemployment. Moreover, real economic growth negatively affects the suicide rates of working-age men. The results withstand several robustness checks, such as sample variations, and after controlling for serial and spatial autocorrelation.

KEYWORDS:

panel data; suicide; unemployment

PMID:
24934277
DOI:
10.1002/hec.3073
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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