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FEBS Lett. 1989 Feb 27;244(2):296-300.

Primary structure of human proacrosin deduced from its cDNA sequence.

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  • 1Institute of Applied Biochemistry, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.


cDNA clones encoding proacrosin, the zymogen of acrosin, were isolated from a human testis cDNA library by using a fragment of boar acrosin cDNA as a probe. Nucleotide sequencing of the longest cDNA clone has predicted that human proacrosin is synthesized with a 19-amino-acid signal peptide at the N-terminus. The cleavable signal sequence is followed by a 23-residue segment corresponding to the light chain and then by a 379-residue stretch that constitutes the heavy chain containing the catalytic site of the mature protease. The C-terminal portion of the deduced sequence for the heavy chain is very rich in proline residues, most of which are encoded by a unique repeat of CCCCCA. The active-site residues including histidine, aspartic acid, and serine are also predicted to be located at residues 69, 123, and 221, respectively.

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