Format

Send to

Choose Destination

RETRACTED ARTICLE

See: Retraction Notice

Nutr Metab (Lond). 2014 Jun 6;11:26. doi: 10.1186/1743-7075-11-26. eCollection 2014.

Alcohol consumption and hormonal alterations related to muscle hypertrophy: a review.

Author information

1
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, University of Palermo, Via Eleonora Duse, 2, 90146 Palermo, Italy.
2
MEDEOR Research Institute, Via Emilio Salgari, 69, 90147 Palermo, Italy.
3
Department of Sciences for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care "G. D'Alessandro", University of Palermo, Via del Vespro 133, 90127 Palermo, Italy.
4
Life and Sports Science, University of Greenwich, Central Avenue, ME4 4TB, Chatham Maritime, United Kingdom.
5
Department of Biomedical Sciences (DSB), University of Padova, Via Marzolo 3, 35131 Padova, Italy.
#
Contributed equally

Abstract

Detrimental effects of acute and chronic alcohol (ethanol) consumption on human physiology are well documented in the literature. These adversely influence neural, metabolic, cardiovascular, and thermoregulatory functions. However, the side effects of ethanol consumption on hormonal fluctuations and subsequent related skeletal muscle alterations have received less attention and as such are not entirely understood. The focus of this review is to identify the side effects of ethanol consumption on the major hormones related to muscle metabolism and clarify how the hormonal profiles are altered by such consumption.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; Hormones; Muscle hypertrophy; Protein synthesis

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center