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Cell Rep. 2014 Jun 26;7(6):1867-75. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2014.05.024. Epub 2014 Jun 12.

Slit/Robo signaling regulates cell fate decisions in the intestinal stem cell lineage of Drosophila.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Genetics, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. Electronic address: benoit_biteau@urmc.rochester.edu.
2
Buck Institute for Research on Aging, 8001 Redwood Boulevard, Novato, CA 94945, USA.

Abstract

In order to maintain tissue homeostasis, cell fate decisions within stem cell lineages have to respond to the needs of the tissue. This coordination of lineage choices with regenerative demand remains poorly characterized. Here, we identify a signal from enteroendocrine cells (EEs) that controls lineage specification in the Drosophila intestine. We find that EEs secrete Slit, a ligand for the Robo2 receptor in intestinal stem cells (ISCs) that limits ISC commitment to the endocrine lineage, establishing negative feedback control of EE regeneration. Furthermore, we show that this lineage decision is made within ISCs and requires induction of the transcription factor Prospero in ISCs. Our work identifies a function for the conserved Slit/Robo pathway in the regulation of adult stem cells, establishing negative feedback control of ISC lineage specification as a critical strategy to preserve tissue homeostasis. Our results further amend the current understanding of cell fate commitment within the Drosophila ISC lineage.

PMID:
24931602
PMCID:
PMC4086754
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2014.05.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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