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J Evid Based Dent Pract. 2014 Jun;14 Suppl:4-16. doi: 10.1016/j.jebdp.2014.03.003. Epub 2014 Mar 27.

Common risk factors in the management of periodontal and associated systemic diseases: the dental setting and interprofessional collaboration.

Author information

1
Office of Science, Technology Transfer and Economic Outreach, State University of New York at Buffalo, Baird Research Park, Amherst, NY 14228, USA. Electronic address: rjgenco@buffalo.edu.
2
School of Dental Medicine, Department of Oral Biology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Foster Hall, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA.

Abstract

There is a role for dentistry in the interprofessional management of chronic diseases by addressing common risk factors

BACKGROUND:

A critical scientific foundation has developed for management of risk factors common to major diseases including periodontal disease, caries, diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this paper is to critically review this scientific literature. This will provide the basis for the current and future role of the dental setting in common risk factor identification and modification; with an emphasis on the role of the dental hygienist.

METHODS:

A systematic review of the literature and analysis of the relevant papers was undertaken to support the recommendations.

CONCLUSIONS:

We propose that the appropriate risk factor management procedures be adopted in the dental setting for smoking cessation, reduction of sugar consumption, and weight control in those patients at risk for one or a combination of the following diseases: periodontal disease, caries, diabetes, heart disease and certain cancers.

KEYWORDS:

Periodontal disease; cancer; dental hygienist; dental office; diabetes; heart disease; modifiable risk factors; stroke

PMID:
24929584
DOI:
10.1016/j.jebdp.2014.03.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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