Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jun 17;111(24):8919-24. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1407687111. Epub 2014 Jun 3.

GroEL from the endosymbiont Buchnera aphidicola betrays the aphid by triggering plant defense.

Author information

1
Graduate Program in Genetics, Genomics and Bioinformatics,Department of Nematology, and.
2
Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093.
3
Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 sbriggs@ucsd.edu isgouhi.kaloshian@ucr.edu.
4
Graduate Program in Genetics, Genomics and Bioinformatics,Department of Nematology, andInstitute of Integrative Genome Biology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521; and sbriggs@ucsd.edu isgouhi.kaloshian@ucr.edu.

Abstract

Aphids are sap-feeding plant pests and harbor the endosymbiont Buchnera aphidicola, which is essential for their fecundity and survival. During plant penetration and feeding, aphids secrete saliva that contains proteins predicted to alter plant defenses and metabolism. Plants recognize microbe-associated molecular patterns and induce pattern-triggered immunity (PTI). No aphid-associated molecular pattern has yet been identified. By mass spectrometry, we identified in saliva from potato aphids (Macrosiphum euphorbiae) 105 proteins, some of which originated from Buchnera, including the chaperonin GroEL. Because GroEL is a widely conserved bacterial protein with an essential function, we tested its role in PTI. Applying or infiltrating GroEL onto Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) leaves induced oxidative burst and expression of PTI early marker genes. These GroEL-induced defense responses required the known coreceptor BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1-ASSOCIATED RECEPTOR KINASE 1. In addition, in transgenic Arabidopsis plants, inducible expression of groEL activated PTI marker gene expression. Moreover, Arabidopsis plants expressing groEL displayed reduced fecundity of the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae), indicating enhanced resistance against aphids. Furthermore, delivery of GroEL into tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) or Arabidopsis through Pseudomonas fluorescens, engineered to express the type III secretion system, also reduced potato aphid and green peach aphid fecundity, respectively. Collectively our data indicate that GroEL is a molecular pattern that triggers PTI.

KEYWORDS:

piercing-sucking insects; salivary proteins

PMID:
24927572
PMCID:
PMC4066539
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1407687111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center