Send to

Choose Destination
Front Microbiol. 2014 Jun 4;5:148. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00148. eCollection 2014.

Unraveling the plant microbiome: looking back and future perspectives.

Author information

Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology Graz, Austria ; Institute of Environmental Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology Graz, Austria.
Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Graz Graz, Austria.
Environmental Genomics, Helmholtz Zentrum München Oberschleissheim, Germany.
Julius Kühn-Institute (JKI), Institute for Epidemiology and Pathogen Diagnostics, Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants Braunschweig, Germany.


Most eukaryotes develop close interactions with microorganisms that are essential for their performance and survival. Thus, eukaryotes and prokaryotes in nature can be considered as meta-organisms or holobionts. Consequently, microorganisms that colonize different plant compartments contain the plant's second genome. In this respect, many studies in the last decades have shown that plant-microbe interactions are not only crucial for better understanding plant growth and health, but also for sustainable crop production in a changing world. This mini-review acting as editorial presents retrospectives and future perspectives for plant microbiome studies as well as information gaps in this emerging research field. In addition, the contribution of this research topic to the solution of various issues is discussed.


biocontrol; meta-organisms; plant growth promotion; plant microbiome; plant-microbe interaction; stress protection

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Frontiers Media SA Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center