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Am J Clin Pathol. 2014 Jul;142(1):76-81. doi: 10.1309/AJCP41XCVBHEQCEL.

Relatively restricted migration of polyclonal IgG4 may mimic a monoclonal gammopathy in IgG4-related disease.

Author information

1
From the Department of Laboratory Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Department of Tumor Immunology, Nijmegen Centre for Molecular Life Sciences, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; and H.Jacobs@Radboudumc.nl.
2
From the Department of Laboratory Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands;
3
Department of Pathology, University of Michigan Hospital and Health Systems, Ann Arbor.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an increasingly recognized syndrome of unknown etiology that can affect a wide variety of organs. The commonly shared features include tumor-like swelling of the involved organs, a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate enriched with polyclonal IgG4-positive plasma cells, variable degree of fibrosis, and elevated serum concentrations of polyclonal IgG4.

METHODS:

In a qualitative retrospective study, the electrophoretic characteristics of serum from patients with increased polyclonal IgG4 were studied to see if a reproducible pattern could be identified.

RESULTS:

We demonstrate that a characteristic focal band bridging the β and γ fraction by serum protein electrophoresis may be a first serologic indication for IgG4-RD. We further demonstrate that significant κ:λ skewing can occur in the polyclonal IgG4 fraction.

CONCLUSIONS:

The focal band detected by electrophoresis in sera from patients with IgG4-RD can be confirmed as polyclonal by immunofixation or immunosubtraction. Because these bands may be predominately of one light chain isotype, they could be misinterpreted as monoclonal gammopathies.

KEYWORDS:

Electrophoresis; IgG subclasses; IgG4; IgG4-related disease; Migration

PMID:
24926089
DOI:
10.1309/AJCP41XCVBHEQCEL
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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