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Behav Processes. 1978 Oct;3(3):271-5. doi: 10.1016/0376-6357(78)90019-0.

Cortical arousal and social intimacy in the human female under different conditions of eye contact.

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Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton Great Britain.


The EEG was monitored from pairs of female subjects while they engaged in varied eye contact under experimenter instruction (direct gaze, smile, averted gaze). The nine conditions of gaze were related monotonically to EEG abundance (9.5-20.0 Hz). It is suggested that the gradient of arousal or activation so obtained is evidence of a physiological substrate of social intimacy.

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