Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Heart Rhythm. 2014 Sep;11(9):1543-50. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2014.06.007. Epub 2014 Jun 9.

Digoxin in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation: data from the RACE II study.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Cardiology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
4
Trial Coordination Center, Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
5
Department of Cardiology, Amphia Hospital, Breda, The Netherlands.
6
Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Interuniversity Cardiology Institute Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: i.c.van.gelder@umcg.nl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation of Rhythm Management trial showed that digoxin was associated with increased mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the association of digoxin with cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation enrolled in the Dutch Rate Control Efficacy in Permanent AF: A Comparison Between Lenient Versus Strict Rate Control II trial as well as to assess the role of digoxin to achieve heart rate targets.

METHODS:

The primary outcome was a composite of CV morbidity and mortality. Secondary outcomes included CV hospitalization and all-cause mortality or heart failure (HF) hospitalization. Of the 614 patients, 608 (99%) completed the dose-adjustment phase. Outcome events were analyzed from the end of the dose-adjustment phase until the end of follow-up. The median follow-up period was 2.9 years (interquartile range 2.7-3.0 years).

RESULTS:

In total, 284 patients (46.7%) used digoxin after the dose-adjustment phase (median dosage 0.250 mg; interquartile range 0.0625-0.750 mg). These patients were more often women, previously admitted for HF, had an increased left ventricular end-systolic diameter, and more often randomized to strict rate control. By using Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, the use of digoxin was not associated with an increased risk for the primary and secondary outcomes. For the primary outcome, the 3-year estimated cumulative incidence was 12.9% vs 13.4% in the digoxin group vs the no-digoxin group (unadjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.97; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.62-1.52). Incidence was 19.4% vs. 19.5% for CV hospitalization (unadjusted HR 1.00; 95% CI 0.69-1.45) and 6.6% vs. 9.9% for all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization (unadjusted HR 0.62; 95% CI 0.34-1.13) in the digoxin group vs the no-digoxin group.

CONCLUSION:

The use of digoxin was not associated with increased morbidity and mortality.

KEYWORDS:

Atrial fibrillation; Digoxin; Morbidity; Mortality; Rate control

PMID:
24924587
DOI:
10.1016/j.hrthm.2014.06.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center