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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2014 Oct;231(19):3911-7. doi: 10.1007/s00213-014-3623-1. Epub 2014 Jun 13.

Negative reinforcement via motivational withdrawal is the driving force behind the transition to addiction.

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1
Committee on the Neurobiology of Addictive Disorders, Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, SP30-2400, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA, ogeorge@scripps.edu.

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PMID:
24923982
DOI:
10.1007/s00213-014-3623-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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