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Br J Cancer. 2014 Jul 15;111(2):386-94. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2014.293. Epub 2014 Jun 10.

Identification of tumour suppressive microRNA-451a in hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma based on microRNA expression signature.

Author information

1
1] Department of Functional Genomics, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan [2] Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.
3
Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan.
4
Department of Functional Genomics, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC) has a very poor prognosis because of its high rates of regional and distant metastasis. Identification of differentially expressed miRNAs and their regulated molecular targets in tumour cells might enhance our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of metastasis in human cancers.

METHODS:

A HSCC miRNA signature was constructed by array-based methods. Functional studies of microRNA-451a (miR-451a) and target genes were performed to investigate cell proliferation, migration and invasion by cancer cell lines. To identify miR-451a-regulated molecular targets, we adopted gene expression analysis and in silico database analysis.

RESULTS:

Our miRNA signature revealed that miR-451a was significantly downregulated in HSCC. Restoration of miR-451a in cancer cell lines revealed that this miRNA significantly inhibited cancer cell migration and invasion. Our data demonstrated that the gene coding for endothelial and smooth muscle cell-derived neuropilin-like molecule (ESDN/DCBLD2) was a direct target of miR-451a regulation. Silencing of ESDN inhibited cell migration and invasion by cancer cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

Loss of tumour suppressive miR-451a enhanced cancer cell migration and invasion in HSCC through direct regulation of ESDN. Our miRNA signature and functional analysis of targets regulated by tumour suppressive miR-451a provide new insights into the potential mechanisms of HSCC oncogenesis and metastasis.

PMID:
24918822
PMCID:
PMC4102946
DOI:
10.1038/bjc.2014.293
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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