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Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 11;4:5249. doi: 10.1038/srep05249.

Plasmon-assisted radiolytic energy conversion in aqueous solutions.

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1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, United States.

Abstract

The field of conventional energy conversion using radioisotopes has almost exclusively focused on solid-state materials. Herein, we demonstrate that liquids can be an excellent media for effective energy conversion from radioisotopes. We also show that free radicals in liquid, which are continuously generated by beta radiation, can be utilized for electrical energy generation. Under beta radiation, surface plasmon obtained by the metallic nanoporous structures on TiO₂ enhanced the radiolytic conversion via the efficient energy transfer between plasmons and free radicals. This work introduces a new route for the development of next-generation power sources.

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