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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2014 Sep;98(18):7879-92. doi: 10.1007/s00253-014-5844-y. Epub 2014 Jun 12.

The first set of expressed sequence tags (EST) from the medicinal mushroom Agaricus subrufescens delivers resource for gene discovery and marker development.

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INRA, UR1264 MycSA, Mycologie et Sécurité des Aliments, Villenave d'Ornon, France,


Agaricus subrufescens is one of the most important culinary-medicinal cultivable mushrooms with potentially high-added-value products and extended agronomical valorization. The development of A. subrufescens-related technologies is hampered by, among others, the lack of suitable molecular tools. Thus, this mushroom is considered as a genomic orphan species with a very limited number of available molecular markers or sequences. To fill this gap, this study reports the generation and analysis of the first set of expressed sequence tags (EST) for A. subrufescens. cDNA fragments obtained from young sporophores (SP) and vegetative mycelium in liquid culture (CL) were sequenced using 454 pyrosequencing technology. After assembly process, 4,989 and 5,125 sequences were obtained in SP and CL libraries, respectively. About 87% of the EST had significant similarity with Agaricus bisporus-predicted proteins, and 79% correspond to known proteins. Functional categorization according to Gene Ontology could be assigned to 49% of the sequences. Some gene families potentially involved in bioactive compound biosynthesis could be identified. A total of 232 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified, and a set of 40 EST-SSR polymorphic markers were successfully developed. This EST dataset provides a new resource for gene discovery and molecular marker development. It constitutes a solid basis for further genetic and genomic studies in A. subrufescens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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