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ACS Chem Neurosci. 2014 Nov 19;5(11):1107-16. doi: 10.1021/cn5000919. Epub 2014 Jun 17.

TRP channel cannabinoid receptors in skin sensation, homeostasis, and inflammation.

Author information

1
Departments of Neurosurgery, Biological Chemistry, and Neuroscience, Neurosurgery Pain Research Institute, Center for Sensory Biology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine , 725 N. Wolfe St., Baltimore, Maryland 21205, United States.

Abstract

In the skin, cannabinoid lipids, whether of endogenous or exogenous origin, are capable of regulating numerous sensory, homeostatic, and inflammatory events. Although many of these effects are mediated by metabotropic cannabinoid receptors, a growing body of evidence has revealed that multiple members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channel family can act as "ionotropic cannabinoid receptors". Furthermore, many of these same TRP channels are intimately involved in cutaneous processes that include the initiation of pain, temperature, and itch perception, the maintenance of epidermal homeostasis, the regulation of hair follicles and sebaceous glands, and the modulation of dermatitis. Ionotropic cannabinoid receptors therefore represent potentially attractive targets for the therapeutic use of cannabinoids to treat sensory and dermatological diseases. Furthermore, the interactions between neurons and other cell types that are mediated by cutaneous ionotropic cannabinoid receptors are likely to be recapitulated during physiological and pathophysiological processes in the central nervous system and elsewhere, making the skin an ideal setting in which to dissect general complexities of cannabinoid signaling.

KEYWORDS:

Transient receptor potential; cannabinoids; dermatitis; ion channel; nociception; pruritis

PMID:
24915599
PMCID:
PMC4240254
DOI:
10.1021/cn5000919
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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