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PLoS Biol. 2014 Jun 10;12(6):e1001879. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001879. eCollection 2014 Jun.

Key applications of plant metabolic engineering.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America.
2
Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
3
Department of Metabolic Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Norwich United Kingdom.

Abstract

Great strides have been made in plant metabolic engineering over the last two decades, with notable success stories including Golden rice. Here, we discuss the field's progress in addressing four long-standing challenges: creating plants that satisfy their own nitrogen requirement, so reducing or eliminating the need for nitrogen fertilizer; enhancing the nutrient content of crop plants; engineering biofuel feed stocks that harbor easy-to-access fermentable saccharides by incorporating self-destructing lignin; and increasing photosynthetic efficiency. We also look to the future at emerging areas of research in this field.

PMID:
24915445
PMCID:
PMC4051588
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pbio.1001879
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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