Format

Send to

Choose Destination
PLoS One. 2014 Jun 9;9(6):e99518. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099518. eCollection 2014.

Association of adrenal function and disease severity in community-acquired pneumonia.

Author information

1
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Metabolism, UniversityHospital, Basel, Switzerland.
2
Bioanalytica AG, Luzern, Switzerland.
3
Department of Pneumology, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland.
4
Department of Emergency Medicine, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland.
5
Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland.
6
Department of Endocrinology, Medical University Clinic, CantonalHospital, Aarau, Switzerland.

Erratum in

  • PLoS One. 2014;9(7):e102637.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Rapid and accurate risk stratification in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an unmet clinical need. Cortisol to dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) ratio was put forward as a prognostic marker in sepsis. We herein validated the prognostic value of the adrenal hormones DHEA, DHEA-Sulfate (DHEAS), cortisol/DHEA-, cortisol/DHEAS- and DHEA/DHEAS-ratios in patients with CAP.

METHODS:

We assessed severity of illness using the pneumonia severity index (PSI) and measured adrenal hormone concentrations in 179 serum samples of prospectively recruited patients hospitalized with CAP. We calculated spearman rank correlation, logistic regression analysis and Kaplan Meier curves to study associations of adrenal hormones and outcomes.

RESULTS:

There was a significant correlation between PSI score and total cortisol (r = 0.24, p = 0.001), DHEAS (r = -0.23, p = 0.002), cortisol/DHEA (r = 0.23, p = 0.003), cortisol/DHEAS (r = 0.32, p = <0.0001) and DHEA/DHEAS (r = 0.20, p = 0.009). In age and gender adjusted logistic regression analysis, cortisol (OR:2.8, 95% CI: 1.48-5.28) and DHEA (OR: 2.62,95% CI: 1.28-5.34), but not DHEAS and the different ratios were associated with all-cause mortality. The discriminatory accuracy of cortisol and DHEA in ROC analysis (area under the curve) was 0.74 and 0.61. In Kaplan Meier analysis, patients in the highest deciles of cortisol and DHEA (p = 0.005 and p = 0.015), and to a lesser extent of cortisol/DHEAS ratio (p = 0.081) had a higher risk of death.

CONCLUSION:

Cortisol, DHEAS and their ratios correlate with CAP severity, and cortisol and DHEA predict mortality. Adrenal function in severe pneumonia may be an important factor for CAP outcomes.

PMID:
24910975
PMCID:
PMC4049821
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0099518
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center