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Mol Cell Neurosci. 2014 Jul;61:65-71. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2014.06.003. Epub 2014 Jun 7.

Relevance of neuronal and glial NPC1 for synaptic input to cerebellar Purkinje cells.

Author information

1
CNRS UPR 3212, University of Strasbourg, Institute of Cellular and Integrative Neurosciences (INCI), 67084 Strasbourg, France.
2
CNRS UPR 3212, University of Strasbourg, Institute of Cellular and Integrative Neurosciences (INCI), 67084 Strasbourg, France. Electronic address: fw-pfrieger@gmx.de.

Abstract

Niemann-Pick type C disease is a rare and ultimately fatal lysosomal storage disorder with variable neurologic symptoms. The disease-causing mutations concern NPC1 or NPC2, whose dysfunction entails accumulation of cholesterol in the endosomal-lysosomal system and the selective death of specific neurons, namely cerebellar Purkinje cells. Here, we investigated whether neurodegeneration is preceded by an imbalance of synaptic input to Purkinje cells and whether neuronal or glial absence of NPC1 has different impacts on synapses. To this end, we prepared primary cerebellar cultures from wildtype or NPC1-deficient mice that are glia-free and highly enriched with Purkinje cells. We report that lack of NPC1 in either neurons or glial cells did not affect the excitability of Purkinje cells, the formation of dendrites or their excitatory synaptic activity. However, simultaneous absence of NPC1 from neuronal and glial cells impaired the presynaptic input to Purkinje cells suggesting a cooperative effect of neuronal and glial NPC1 on synapses.

KEYWORDS:

Cerebellum; Inborn error metabolism; Lysosomal storage disease; Neurodegenerative diseases; Neuroglia; Synaptogenesis

PMID:
24910948
DOI:
10.1016/j.mcn.2014.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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