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Int J Obes (Lond). 2015 Feb;39(2):189-98. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2014.98. Epub 2014 Jun 9.

A break in the obesity epidemic? Explained by biases or misinterpretation of the data?

Author information

1
1] Research Centre for the Prevention of Overweight (Zwolle), Windesheim University of Applied Sciences and VU University, Zwolle, The Netherlands [2] Institute of Health Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands [3] Prevention and Public Health Taskforce, European Association for the Study of Obesity, London, UK.
2
1] Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals, The Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark [2] National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark [3] The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
3
1] Prevention and Public Health Taskforce, European Association for the Study of Obesity, London, UK [2] Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
4
1] Prevention and Public Health Taskforce, European Association for the Study of Obesity, London, UK [2] Finnish Heart Association, Helsinki, Finland.
5
1] Prevention and Public Health Taskforce, European Association for the Study of Obesity, London, UK [2] Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Abstract

Recent epidemiologic papers are presenting prevalence data suggesting breaks and decreases in obesity rates. However, before concluding that the obesity epidemic is not increasing anymore, the validity of the presented data should be discussed more thoroughly. We had a closer look into the literature presented in recent reviews to address the major potential biases and distortions, and to develop insights about how to interpret the presented suggestions for a potential break in the obesity epidemic. Decreasing participation rates, the use of reported rather than measured data and small sample sizes, or lack of representativeness, did not seem to explain presented breaks in the obesity epidemic. Further, available evidence does not suggest that stabilization of obesity rates is seen in higher socioeconomic groups only, or that urbanization could explain a potential break in the obesity epidemic. However, follow-ups of short duration may, in part, explain the apparent break or decrease in the obesity epidemic. On the other hand, a single focus on body mass index (BMI) ⩾25 or ⩾30 kg m(-)(2) is likely to mask a real increase in the obesity epidemic. And, in both children and adults, trends in waist circumferences were generally suggesting an increase, and were stronger than those reported for trends in BMI. Studies concluding that there is a recent break in the obesity epidemic need to be interpreted with caution. Reported studies presenting a break were mostly of short duration. Further, focusing on trends in waist circumference rather than BMI leads to a less optimistic conclusion: the public health problem of obesity is still increasing.

PMID:
24909829
DOI:
10.1038/ijo.2014.98
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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