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Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2014 Aug;7(4):455-65. doi: 10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.113.000374. Epub 2014 Jun 8.

Outcome in phospholamban R14del carriers: results of a large multicentre cohort study.

Author information

1
Departments of Cardiology (I.A.W.v.R., Y.M.P., H.L.T., A.A.M.W.), Genetics (E.A.N., R.H.L.d.D., I.C.), and Epidemiology (A.H.Z.), Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Departments of Genetics (P.A.v.d.Z., J.D.H.J., J.P.v.T.) and Cardiology (R.A.d.B., M.P.v.d.B.), University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Interuniversity Cardiology Institute of the Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands (J.A.G., Y.M.P., R.N.W.H., A.A.M.W.); Departments of Cardiology (J.A.G., R.N.W.H.) and Genetics (J.G.P.), University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
2
Departments of Cardiology (I.A.W.v.R., Y.M.P., H.L.T., A.A.M.W.), Genetics (E.A.N., R.H.L.d.D., I.C.), and Epidemiology (A.H.Z.), Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Departments of Genetics (P.A.v.d.Z., J.D.H.J., J.P.v.T.) and Cardiology (R.A.d.B., M.P.v.d.B.), University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Interuniversity Cardiology Institute of the Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands (J.A.G., Y.M.P., R.N.W.H., A.A.M.W.); Departments of Cardiology (J.A.G., R.N.W.H.) and Genetics (J.G.P.), University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. a.a.wilde@amc.uva.nl j.p.van.tintelen@umcg.nl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The pathogenic phospholamban R14del mutation causes dilated and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathies and is associated with an increased risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias and end-stage heart failure. We performed a multicentre study to evaluate mortality, cardiac disease outcome, and risk factors for malignant ventricular arrhythmias in a cohort of phospholamban R14del mutation carriers.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Using the family tree mortality ratio method in a cohort of 403 phospholamban R14del mutation carriers, we found a standardized mortality ratio of 1.7 (95% confidence interval, 1.4-2.0) with significant excess mortality starting from the age of 25 years. Cardiological data were available for 295 carriers. In a median follow-up period of 42 months, 55 (19%) individuals had a first episode of malignant ventricular arrhythmias and 33 (11%) had an end-stage heart failure event. The youngest age at which a malignant ventricular arrhythmia occurred was 20 years, whereas for an end-stage heart failure event this was 31 years. Independent risk factors for malignant ventricular arrhythmias were left ventricular ejection fraction <45% and sustained or nonsustained ventricular tachycardia with hazard ratios of 4.0 (95% confidence interval, 1.9-8.1) and 2.6 (95% confidence interval, 1.5-4.5), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Phospholamban R14del mutation carriers are at high risk for malignant ventricular arrhythmias and end-stage heart failure, with left ventricular ejection fraction <45% and sustained or nonsustained ventricular tachycardia as independent risk factors. High mortality and a poor prognosis are present from late adolescence. Genetic and cardiac screening is, therefore, advised from adolescence onwards.

KEYWORDS:

arrhythmias, cardiac; arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia-cardiomyopathy; cardiomyopathy, dilated; genetics; mortality; phospholamban; risk factors

PMID:
24909667
DOI:
10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.113.000374
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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