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Kekkaku. 2014 Apr;89(4):503-8.

[Effectiveness of interferon-gamma release assays in the tuberculosis contact investigation of elderly people].

[Article in Japanese]

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To confirm the effectiveness of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) in the tuberculosis (TB) contact investigation of elderly people, we analyzed the results of the QuantiFERON TB Gold in tube (QFT-3G) test, which is a commercially available IGRA.

METHODS:

We analyzed the results of the QFT-3G test in 2,420 subjects who were in close contact with TB patients. We investigated subjects with latent TB infection and those showing the onset of TB among the QFT-3G-positive subjects.

RESULTS:

The QFT-3G-positive rate was 7.3% (95% confidence interval, 6.2%-8.3%). In addition, we demonstrated that the QFT-3G-positive rate increased with age (P < 0.001).

DISCUSSION:

The QFT-3G-positive rate was high, particularly in elderly people (> or = 60 years), but the rate was significantly lower than the predicted prevalence of TB infection. Therefore, it was assumed that the QFT-3G test does not always provide a positive result, even in cases of subjects with a previous TB infection. Furthermore, data from the QFT-3G-positive subjects indicated that approximately one half of subjects aged 60-69 years, approximately one-third of those aged 70-79 years, and approximately one-quarter of those aged over 80 years have had recent TB infections. In conclusion, the results of the QFT-3G test in elderly people need to be carefully evaluated according to the contact situation with TB patients; nevertheless, the QFT-3G test is useful for the screening of latent TB infection in elderly people who were in close contact with TB patients.

PMID:
24908811
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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