Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Jan;65(1):92-100.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.04.019. Epub 2014 Jun 6.

Geriatric-specific triage criteria are more sensitive than standard adult criteria in identifying need for trauma center care in injured older adults.

Author information

1
The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH.
2
Ohio Department of Mental Health, Columbus, OH.
3
Departments of Emergency Medicine, Public Health Sciences, and Medicine (Geriatrics and Aging), University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY.
4
Department of Emergency Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH.
5
Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH.
6
Department of Emergency Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH; Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH. Electronic address: jeffrey.caterino@osumc.edu.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

We evaluate the sensitivity of Ohio's 2009 emergency medical services (EMS) geriatric trauma triage criteria compared with the previous adult triage criteria in identifying need for trauma center care among older adults.

METHODS:

We studied a retrospective cohort of injured patients aged 16 years or older in the 2006 to 2011 Ohio Trauma Registry. Patients aged 70 years or older were considered geriatric. We identified whether each patient met the geriatric and the adult triage criteria. The outcome measure was need for trauma center care, defined by surrogate markers: Injury Severity Score greater than 15, operating room in fewer than 48 hours, any ICU stay, and inhospital mortality. We calculated sensitivity and specificity of both triage criteria for both age groups.

RESULTS:

We included 101,577 patients; 33,379 (33%) were geriatric. Overall, 57% of patients met adult criteria and 68% met geriatric criteria. Using Injury Severity Score, for older adults geriatric criteria were more sensitive for need for trauma center care (93%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 92% to 93%) than adult criteria (61%; 95% CI 60% to 62%). Geriatric criteria decreased specificity in older adults from 61% (95% CI 61% to 62%) to 49% (95% CI 48% to 49%). Geriatric criteria in older adults (93% sensitivity, 49% specificity) performed similarly to the adult criteria in younger adults (sensitivity 87% and specificity 44%). Similar patterns were observed for other outcomes.

CONCLUSION:

Standard adult EMS triage guidelines provide poor sensitivity in older adults. Ohio's geriatric trauma triage guidelines significantly improve sensitivity in identifying Injury Severity Score and other surrogate markers of the need for trauma center care, with modest decreases in specificity for older adults.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center