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Diabetologia. 2014 Oct;57(10):2057-65. doi: 10.1007/s00125-014-3289-6. Epub 2014 Jun 9.

Fracture risk in diabetic elderly men: the MrOS study.

Author information

1
Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Università Campus Bio-Medico di Roma, Via Alvaro del Portillo, Rome, Italy, n.napoli@unicampus.it.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased fracture risk in women but few studies are available in men. To evaluate the relationship between diabetes and prospective non-vertebral fractures in elderly men, we used data from the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study.

METHODS:

The MrOS enrolled 5,994 men (aged ≥65 years). Diabetes (ascertained by self-report, the use of medication for diabetes or an elevated fasting glucose level) was reported in 881 individuals, 80 of whom were using insulin. Hip and spine bone mineral density (BMD) was measured using dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). After recruitment, the men were followed for incident non-vertebral fractures using a triannual (3 yearly) questionnaire for an average of 9.1 (SD 2.7) years. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the incident risk of fractures.

RESULTS:

In models adjusted for age, race, clinic site and total hip BMD, the risk of non-vertebral fracture was higher in men with diabetes compared with normoglycaemic men (HR 1.30, 95% CI 1.09, 1.54) and was elevated in men using insulin (HR 2.46, 95% CI 1.69, 3.59). Men with impaired fasting glucose did not have a higher risk of fracture compared with normoglycaemic men (HR 1.04, 95% CI 0.89, 1.21). After multivariable adjustment, the risk of non-vertebral fracture remained higher only among men with diabetes who were using insulin (HR 1.74, 95% CI 1.13, 2.69).

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:

Men with diabetes who are using insulin have an increased risk of non-vertebral fracture for a given age and BMD.

PMID:
24908567
PMCID:
PMC4344350
DOI:
10.1007/s00125-014-3289-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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