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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Sep;95(9):1656-61. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2014.05.013. Epub 2014 Jun 4.

Effects of Feldenkrais method on chronic neck/scapular pain in people with visual impairment: a randomized controlled trial with one-year follow-up.

Author information

1
Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden; School of Law, Psychology, and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden. Electronic address: lars-olov.lundqvist@orebroll.se.
2
Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden; School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; The Low Vision Centre, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
3
Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether the Feldenkrais method is an effective intervention for chronic neck/scapular pain in patients with visual impairment.

DESIGN:

Randomized controlled trial with an untreated control group.

SETTING:

Low vision center.

PARTICIPANTS:

Patients (N=61) with visual impairment (mean, 53.3 y) and nonspecific chronic (mean, 23.8 y) neck/scapular pain.

INTERVENTIONS:

Participants were randomly assigned to the Feldenkrais method group (n=30) or untreated control group (n=31). Patients in the treatment group underwent one 2-hour Feldenkrais method session per week for 12 consecutive weeks.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Blind assessment of perceived pain (visual analog scale [VAS]) during physical therapist palpation of the left and right occipital, upper trapezius, and levator scapulae muscle areas; self-assessed degree of pain on the Visual, Musculoskeletal, and Balance Complaints questionnaire; and the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey bodily pain scale.

RESULTS:

Patients undergoing Feldenkrais method reported significantly less pain than the controls according to the VAS and Visual, Musculoskeletal, and Balance Complaints questionnaire ratings at posttreatment follow-up and 1-year follow-up. There were no significant differences regarding the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey bodily pain scale ratings.

CONCLUSIONS:

Feldenkrais method is an effective intervention for chronic neck/scapular pain in patients with visual impairment.

KEYWORDS:

Neck pain; Randomized controlled trials; Rehabilitation; Treatment outcome; Visual impairment

PMID:
24907640
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2014.05.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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