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Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Dec;18(4):196-201. doi: 10.6065/apem.2013.18.4.196. Epub 2013 Dec 31.

Basal luteinizing hormone and follicular stimulating hormone: is it sufficient for the diagnosis of precocious puberty in girls?

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Department of Pediatrics, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.
Department of Pediatrics, Gacheon University Gil Medical Center, Graduate School of Medicine, Gacheon University of Medicine and Science, Incheon, Korea.
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.



A gonadotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test (GnRHST) is the gold standard in diagnosing central precocious puberty (CPP). The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of basal gonadotropin levels for girls with suspected precocious puberty and to evaluate the factors affecting positive results of the GnRHST.


Korean girls with early pubertal development who visited the clinic during 2010-2012 were included. Auxological and biochemical tests were evaluated and a standard GnRHST was performed. A peak luteinizing hormone (LH) level of ≥5 IU/L was considered a positive response during the GnRHST.


A total of 336 girls were included. The positive responses were observed in 241 girls (71.7%), and negative responses were found in 95 girls (28.3%). In the logistic regression analysis, the coefficient of the basal LH and basal LH/follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) ratio was 4.23 (P<0.001) and 21.28 (P<0.001), respectively. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the basal LH/FSH ratio is a better predictor of the pubertal result after the GnRHST than the basal LH (area under the curve was 0.745 and 0.740, respectively; P=0.027). Among 189 girls with a basal LH of <0.1 IU/L, 105 (55.6%) had positive responses.


An elevated level of the basal LH and basal LH/FSH ratio was a significant predicting factor of positive responses during the GnRHST. However a GnRHST was still necessary for diagnostic confirmation of CPP because more than half of the girls with a basal LH level below the detection limit revealed to have CPP.


Diagnosis; Follicular stimulating hormone; Luteinizing hormone; Precocious puberty

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