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Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2014;23(2):315-20. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.2014.23.2.18.

Effectiveness of a food education program in improving appetite and nutritional status of elderly adults living at home.

Author information

1
Department of Health and Physical Education, the Hong Kong Institute of Education, 10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong. chungmy@ied.edu.hk.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate a 3-week program comprising cooking demonstrations with free food samples in motivating elderly adults to cook more and improve their nutritional status.

DESIGN:

An experimental pre-post study.

SETTING:

Three districts in Hong Kong.

PARTICIPANTS:

Sixty aged 59-95 home-living adults.

INTERVENTION:

Group A (one 1-day food sample given free weekly) and Group B (three 1-day food samples given free weekly).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Satisfaction questionnaires were conducted every week. Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scores were assessed at baseline and 6 months after the program's completion.

ANALYSIS:

Nutritional status was assessed before and after intervention. Repeated analysis of variance measures of compliance, appetite, easiness of program at 3-week time-points were calculated to differentiate a more frequent (Group B) and a less frequent (Group A) provision of food sample reinforced their cooking skills to a greater extent.

RESULTS:

The compliance rate of Group B was higher than that of Group A. More than 60% of the participants intended to continue cooking and a third of the participants expressed satisfaction with the program. The MNA scores had improved 6 months later (combined data from both groups).

CONCLUSIONS:

Nutrition education through cooking demonstrations and the community-based distribution of food ingredients can improve the nutrition status of the elderly population.

PMID:
24901103
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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