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J Aging Health. 2014 Aug;26(5):841-859. Epub 2014 Jun 4.

Functional Living in Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: Executive Functioning, Dual Task Performance, and the Impact on Postural Stability and Motor Control.

Author information

1
Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
2
University of Glasgow, UK.
3
Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia Government of Western Australia Department of Health, Perth, Australia University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
4
Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
5
Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK Bracket Global, Goring on Thames, UK.
6
Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK leigh.riby@northumbria.ac.uk.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) experience accelerated age-related decline in some domains of cognition. The present study sought to investigate executive functioning and dual tasking capacities in this group.

METHOD:

Older adults with DM2 and age-matched controls completed self-report measures assessing everyday activities, a comprehensive cognitive battery and more specific tasks assessing executive functioning, dual tasking, postural stability, and motor control.

RESULTS:

Executive abilities were particularly compromised in the participants with DM2. Furthermore, the DM2 group exhibited reduced postural stability under dual task conditions.

DISCUSSION:

These findings suggest that deficits in more complex cognitive activities underlie the decline in everyday function in DM2.

KEYWORDS:

dual tasking; executive functioning; functional living; postural stability; type 2 diabetes

PMID:
24898849
DOI:
10.1177/0898264314534896

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