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Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Jul;100 Suppl 1:353S-8S. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.071233. Epub 2014 Jun 4.

Vegetarian diets in the Adventist Health Study 2: a review of initial published findings.

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From the Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine (GEF) and Department of Preventive Medicine (MJO), School of Medicine, and the Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Population Medicine (GEF), School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA.


The Adventist Health Study 2 is a large cohort that is well suited to the study of the relation of vegetarian dietary patterns to health and disease risk. Here we review initial published findings with regard to vegetarian diets and several health outcomes. Vegetarian dietary patterns were associated with lower body mass index, lower prevalence and incidence of diabetes mellitus, lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its component factors, lower prevalence of hypertension, lower all-cause mortality, and in some instances, lower risk of cancer. Findings with regard to factors related to vegetarian diets and bone health are also reviewed. These initial results show important links between vegetarian dietary patterns and improved health.

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