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PLoS One. 2014 Jun 4;9(6):e98988. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098988. eCollection 2014.

pSiM24 is a novel versatile gene expression vector for transient assays as well as stable expression of foreign genes in plants.

Author information

1
KTRDC, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States of America.
2
Department of Gene Function and Regulation, Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Abstract

We have constructed a small and highly efficient binary Ti vector pSiM24 for plant transformation with maximum efficacy. In the pSiM24 vector, the size of the backbone of the early binary vector pKYLXM24 (GenBank Accession No. HM036220; a derivative of pKYLX71) was reduced from 12.8 kb to 7.1 kb. The binary vector pSiM24 is composed of the following genetic elements: left and right T-DNA borders, a modified full-length transcript promoter (M24) of Mirabilis mosaic virus with duplicated enhancer domains, three multiple cloning sites, a 3'rbcsE9 terminator, replication functions for Escherichia coli (ColE1) and Agrobacterium tumefaciens (pRK2-OriV) and the replicase trfA gene, selectable marker genes for kanamycin resistance (nptII) and ampicillin resistance (bla). The pSiM24 plasmid offers a wide selection of cloning sites, high copy numbers in E. coli and a high cloning capacity for easily manipulating different genetic elements. It has been fully tested in transferring transgenes such as green fluorescent protein (GFP) and β-glucuronidase (GUS) both transiently (agro-infiltration, protoplast electroporation and biolistic) and stably in plant systems (Arabidopsis and tobacco) using both agrobacterium-mediated transformation and biolistic procedures. Not only reporter genes, several other introduced genes were also effectively expressed using pSiM24 expression vector. Hence, the pSiM24 vector would be useful for various plant biotechnological applications. In addition, the pSiM24 plasmid can act as a platform for other applications, such as gene expression studies and different promoter expressional analyses.

PMID:
24897541
PMCID:
PMC4045853
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0098988
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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