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Psychol Health. 2014;29(12):1361-72. doi: 10.1080/08870446.2014.930146. Epub 2014 Jul 21.

'Sticking to a healthy diet is easier for me when I exercise regularly': cognitive transfer between physical exercise and healthy nutrition.

Author information

1
a Social and Economic Psychology , Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin , Berlin , Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Long-term rehabilitation success depends on regular exercise and healthy nutrition. The present study introduces a new framework to explain this association on a psychosocial level. The exercise-nutrition relationship was investigated by exploring the sequential mediation of habit strength and transfer cognitions.

DESIGN:

Analyses were performed at two measurement points in time (at 12 and 18 months after rehabilitation), involving 470 medical rehabilitation patients who participated in an exercise intervention.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Patients filled in paper-pencil questionnaires assessing exercise (t1) and habit strength, transfer cognitions and healthy nutrition at follow-up (t2).

RESULTS:

Habit strength and transfer cognitions mediated the relationship between exercise and nutrition.

CONCLUSION:

Findings suggest that habit strength and transfer cognitions are important factors underlying the relationship between exercise and nutrition.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00979719.

KEYWORDS:

habit strength; healthy nutrition; multiple health behaviours; physical exercise; rehabilitation; transfer cognitions

PMID:
24894668
DOI:
10.1080/08870446.2014.930146
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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