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Pediatr Nephrol. 2015 Mar;30(3):405-16. doi: 10.1007/s00467-014-2830-7. Epub 2014 Jun 4.

New-onset diabetes after kidney transplant in children.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, Emory University, 2015 Uppergate Drive NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA, rouba.garro@emory.edu.

Abstract

The development of new-onset diabetes after kidney transplantation (NODAT) is associated with reduced graft function, increased cardiovascular morbidity and lower patient survival among adult recipients. In the pediatric population, however, the few studies examining NODAT have yielded inconsistent results. Therefore, the true incidence of NODAT in the pediatric population has been difficult to establish. The identification of children and adolescents at risk for NODAT requires appropriate screening questions and tests pre- and post-kidney transplant. Several risk factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of NODAT and post-transplant glucose intolerance, including African American race, obesity, family history of diabetes and the type of immunosuppressant regimen. Moreover, uremia per se results in a state of insulin resistance that increases the risk of developing diabetes post-transplant. When an individual becomes glucose intolerant, early lifestyle modification and antihyperglycemic measures with tailoring of the immunosuppressant regimen should be implemented to prevent the development of NODAT. For the child or adolescent with NODAT, antihyperglycemic therapy should be prescribed in order to achieve optimal glycemic control, ultimately reducing complications and improving overall allograft and patient survival. In this article, we review the risk factors, screening methods, diagnosis, management and outcome of children and adolescents with NODAT and post-kidney transplant glucose intolerance.

PMID:
24894384
DOI:
10.1007/s00467-014-2830-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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