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Korean J Orthod. 2014 May;44(3):113-8. doi: 10.4041/kjod.2014.44.3.113. Epub 2014 May 19.

Effects of various toothpastes on remineralization of white spot lesions.

Author information

1
Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.
2
Private Practice, Iksan, Korea.
3
Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University Dental Hospital, Sanbon, Korea.
4
Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University Dental Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
5
Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang Dental Research Institute, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this in vitro study was to examine the effects of fluoridated, casein phosphopeptide.amorphous calcium phosphate complex (CPP-ACP)-containing, and functionalized β-tricalcium phosphate (fTCP)-containing toothpastes on remineralization of white spot lesions (WSLs) by using Quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF-D) Biluminator™ 2.

METHODS:

Forty-eight premolars, extracted for orthodontic reasons from 12 patients, with artificially induced WSLs were randomly and equally assigned to four treatment groups: fluoride (1,000 ppm), CPP-ACP, fTCP (with sodium fluoride), and control (deionized water) groups. Specimens were treated twice daily for 2 weeks and stored in saliva solution (1:1 mixture of artificial and human stimulated saliva) otherwise. QLF-D Biluminator™ 2 was used to measure changes in fluorescence, indicating alterations in the mineral contents of the WSLs, immediately before and after the 2 weeks of treatment.

RESULTS:

Fluorescence greatly increased in the fTCP and CPP-ACP groups compared with the fluoride and control groups, which did not show significant differences.

CONCLUSIONS:

fTCP- and CPP-ACP-containing toothpastes seem to be more effective in reducing WSLs than 1,000-ppm fluoride-containing toothpastes.

KEYWORDS:

Cariology; Remineralization; Tooth paste; Tricalcium phosphate; White spot lesions

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