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J Pediatr Neurosci. 2014 Jan;9(1):57-9. doi: 10.4103/1817-1745.131489.

Catatonia as presenting clinical feature of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis.

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Department of Psychiatry, National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.


Catatonia is not a usual clinical presentation of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), especially in the initial stages of illness. However, there is only one reported case of SSPE presenting as catatonia among children. In this report, however, there were SSPE-specific changes on EEG and the catatonia failed to respond to lorazepam. We describe a case of SSPE in a child presenting as catatonia that presented with clinical features of catatonia and did not have typical EEG findings when assessed at first contact. He responded to lorazepam and EEG changes emerged during the course of follow-up.


Catatonia; India; subacute sclerosing panencephalitis

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